Preventive measures are the first line of defense of a compliance management system. In this context, comprehensive training programs were again carried out in the business year 2012/13 in all of the Group’s divisions. In order to achieve a training effect that is as broad-based as possible, e-learning systems are being increasingly used in addition to face-to-face training. For example, within the scope of a single web-based e-learning course, more than 4,500 of the Group’s employees received training specifically on antitrust law and more than 18,000 employees received training on the Code of Conduct; both courses included a final test. After the training initiative 2012/13, the focus in the period under review was, on one hand, to give new employees a better understanding of compliance, particularly through e-learning courses and, on the other, to carry out face-to-face training sessions that were oriented toward specific target groups. Moreover, during the reporting period, general compliance training was provided within the scope of executive training programs. Additionally, compliance issues are brought to the attention of voestalpine employees on a regular basis by way of regular communications, particularly through employee magazines, poster campaigns, or at Group and divisional events.