Preventive measures are the first line of defense in an efficient compliance management system. In this context, comprehensive training programs were carried out across the Group in recent years. In order to achieve a training effect that is as broad-based as possible, e-learning systems are being increasingly used in addition to face-to-face training. For example, within the scope of web-based e-learning courses, more than 8,000 of the Group’s employees received training on antitrust law, and around 21,000 employees received training on the Code of Conduct, with both courses including a final test. Face-to-face training is target-group oriented and is generally carried out during executive training programs and specific training programs for employees in sales and procurement. Additionally, compliance issues are brought to the attention of voestalpine employees on a regular basis by way of regular communications, particularly through employee magazines, poster campaigns, or at Group and divisional events.